luni, 13 septembrie 2010

Acupuncture and homeopathic treatment for multiple sclerosis

Acupuncture and homeopathic treatment for multiple sclerosis
Dr.Ioan Dumitrescu
Dr.Maria Dumitrescu
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReLarol-uTw
Acupuncture and homeopathic treatment for multiple sclerosis Dr.Ioan Dumitrescu Dr.Maria Dumitrescu Multiple sclerosis is a autoimmune disease, where immune system launches a defensive attack against its own myelin, trigger been a slow virus . Debut of the first symptoms been between the ages of 20 – 40 You can read here others articles : Acupuncture, homeopathy, phytotherapy integrated treatment http://cocorul.webs.com/

Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system (brain and spinal) associated with the formation of "scars" that covers cells nervoase.Afectind especially female sex 60%, has an incidence of 1 / 1600 inhabitants, with onset between 20-40 years, to occur when these patients had inflammatory nervous system that destroys myelin coating, thus blocking transmission of nerve impulses. Causes: The exact cause of the disease is unknown. :
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system (brain and spinal) associated with the formation of "scars" that covers cells nervoase.Afectind especially female sex 60%, has an incidence of 1 / 1600 inhabitants, with onset between 20-40 years, to occur when these patients had inflammatory nervous system that destroys myelin coating, thus blocking transmission of nerve impulses. Causes: The exact cause of the disease is unknown.

Were taken into account a huge range of factors: viral, microbial, environmental, geographic, stress (eg stress migration), pollution, diet, etc. There is however a familial incidence. Genetic: defined complex interactive genes involved in inflammatory processes through the study of the brain and demyelination in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in laboratory animals as model validation Multiple.In multiple sclerosis was identified several regions that participate in susceptibility to EAE, as strong "candidate" for the development of multiple sclerosis, including loci on chromosomes: 3.6 (TCRB), 7,15,17 (MHC), MHC 17 distance, X, segments on chromosomes 1-5,7 -- 12, and 14-18 that contain modified genes . :
Were taken into account a huge range of factors: viral, microbial, environmental, geographic, stress (eg stress migration), pollution, diet, etc. There is however a familial incidence. Genetic: defined complex interactive genes involved in inflammatory processes through the study of the brain and demyelination in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in laboratory animals as model validation Multiple.In multiple sclerosis was identified several regions that participate in susceptibility to EAE, as strong "candidate" for the development of multiple sclerosis, including loci on chromosomes: 3.6 (TCRB), 7,15,17 (MHC), MHC 17 distance, X, segments on chromosomes 1-5,7 -- 12, and 14-18 that contain modified genes .

There a EAE phenotype, who can be achieved in different crosses of various combinations of genotypes. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis: 1.Extremities : tremors, lack of balance, paralysis, spasticity, cramps, pain and / or muscle pain, atrophy, feeling of numbness, weakness leading to grind sometimes hesitant diagonally. 2.Eyes : visual discomfort, rapid eye movements, uncontrolled, double vision, usually loss of vision in one eye. 3.Urinary : urinary incontinence, the urgent need to urinate. 4.Memory, language: decrease in memory, logic, lack of ability to generalize, difficult speech, language unintelligible, depression. :
There a EAE phenotype, who can be achieved in different crosses of various combinations of genotypes. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis: 1.Extremities : tremors, lack of balance, paralysis, spasticity, cramps, pain and / or muscle pain, atrophy, feeling of numbness, weakness leading to grind sometimes hesitant diagonally. 2.Eyes : visual discomfort, rapid eye movements, uncontrolled, double vision, usually loss of vision in one eye. 3.Urinary : urinary incontinence, the urgent need to urinate. 4.Memory, language: decrease in memory, logic, lack of ability to generalize, difficult speech, language unintelligible, depression.

Additionally we can find the hearing impaired, constipation, positive Babinski reflex, etc.. Preventive treatment is unknown. Curative treatment : antispasmodic baclofen, diazepam), vitamins, immunosuppressive agents (cyclophosphamide, Cladribine, Methotrexate, corticosteroids, ACTH, immunomodulator - beta interferon (Avonex, Betaseron), Capsone, vaccinations, and Mylora how dietoterapie. The prognosis is variable and unforeseeable, been considered chronic, incurable and progressive, the disability with an average duration of survival between 35 years.Evolution is good for initial stages of the disease attack .The degrees of disability varies with terrain and treatment. Complications are given for urinary infection, progressive disability, as well as the data side effects of allopathic treatment. :
Additionally we can find the hearing impaired, constipation, positive Babinski reflex, etc.. Preventive treatment is unknown. Curative treatment : antispasmodic baclofen, diazepam), vitamins, immunosuppressive agents (cyclophosphamide, Cladribine, Methotrexate, corticosteroids, ACTH, immunomodulator - beta interferon (Avonex, Betaseron), Capsone, vaccinations, and Mylora how dietoterapie. The prognosis is variable and unforeseeable, been considered chronic, incurable and progressive, the disability with an average duration of survival between 35 years.Evolution is good for initial stages of the disease attack .The degrees of disability varies with terrain and treatment. Complications are given for urinary infection, progressive disability, as well as the data side effects of allopathic treatment.

Laboratory and physical examinations : EMG, MRI, potential evoked, CT, CSF examination, blood tests: urine, thyroid, radigraphy, serum calcium, natremia, etc.. Studies Early studies and treatments began in 1820, between the years 1935 -1950 have been expanded in the U.S. established the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Myelin-current expenditure of the project "The Myelin Project which started in 1998, being supported by the British Trust for The Myelin Project, Canavan Research Fund and other organizations, far exceeding the allocated 1.6 million U.S. dollars (a deficit of $ 820,000) , comprising valuable experimental research in the field of genetics, immunology, brain cell implants, etc.. :
Laboratory and physical examinations : EMG, MRI, potential evoked, CT, CSF examination, blood tests: urine, thyroid, radigraphy, serum calcium, natremia, etc.. Studies Early studies and treatments began in 1820, between the years 1935 -1950 have been expanded in the U.S. established the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) Myelin-current expenditure of the project "The Myelin Project which started in 1998, being supported by the British Trust for The Myelin Project, Canavan Research Fund and other organizations, far exceeding the allocated 1.6 million U.S. dollars (a deficit of $ 820,000) , comprising valuable experimental research in the field of genetics, immunology, brain cell implants, etc..

Some interesting work in Romania : Department of Endocrinology-UMF "Gr.T.Popa" Iasi - presented by the current congress Dr.D.Branisteanu Neuro-Endocrinology of the Court of Arges, in May 2000: "Immunomodulation in Multiple sclerosis, news and perspctive ", as well as prodigious work of neurologist Dr. Onaca.Unfortunately I found few study in the literature consulted, regarding the application works acupuncture and homeopathic treatments in this terrible disease. Of these authors Dr.Wu is one of pioneers involved in the recovery of patients with multiple sclerosis by acupuncture. :
Some interesting work in Romania : Department of Endocrinology-UMF "Gr.T.Popa" Iasi - presented by the current congress Dr.D.Branisteanu Neuro-Endocrinology of the Court of Arges, in May 2000: "Immunomodulation in Multiple sclerosis, news and perspctive ", as well as prodigious work of neurologist Dr. Onaca.Unfortunately I found few study in the literature consulted, regarding the application works acupuncture and homeopathic treatments in this terrible disease. Of these authors Dr.Wu is one of pioneers involved in the recovery of patients with multiple sclerosis by acupuncture.

Elements that led me to begin the study were : Price cost prohibitively high for Romanian : beta-interferon (Avonex, Betaseron, Rebif): 2 million lei / month with duration of treatment for 3 years, so 72 million lei / cure. 2. The results still modest of treatment with Avonex, and other drugs, in terms of relapse, and prognosis. 3. Especially redoubtable side 3.efecte immunosuppressive therapy, those of corticosteroid therapy are known. In literature I find some of the negative effects of Betaseron: depression in 3% of patients, sometimes suicide attempts, depression, compromise the immune system by cross-reaction (Thompson and Noseworthy, 1996).4. Poverty of extensive research in the field of acupuncture and homeopathy to recovery from multiple sclerosis, the combined methods syndrome. :
Elements that led me to begin the study were : Price cost prohibitively high for Romanian : beta-interferon (Avonex, Betaseron, Rebif): 2 million lei / month with duration of treatment for 3 years, so 72 million lei / cure. 2. The results still modest of treatment with Avonex, and other drugs, in terms of relapse, and prognosis. 3. Especially redoubtable side 3.efecte immunosuppressive therapy, those of corticosteroid therapy are known. In literature I find some of the negative effects of Betaseron: depression in 3% of patients, sometimes suicide attempts, depression, compromise the immune system by cross-reaction (Thompson and Noseworthy, 1996).4. Poverty of extensive research in the field of acupuncture and homeopathy to recovery from multiple sclerosis, the combined methods syndrome.

My work represents the selection stage group of patients treated by methods of acupuncture and homeopathy, targeting primarily, the definition of lot of study phase II. In group II patients will be admitted only that meet standards "clinical trial" - rules Schumacher (revised NMSS), in which patients are admitted with clinically defined forms are those with poor deleted minimum or maximum and those with problems medical or psychological nature that interfere assessment results. The preliminary study presented as a therapeutic test page, more ample than a pilot study, aimed at a single purpose: selecting patients Lot II, that respond to the treatment of acupuncture and homeopathy, as NMSS allow greater flexibility bearing in mind the 2 key aspects: lack of adverse effects, as well with the positive effect of therapy. :
My work represents the selection stage group of patients treated by methods of acupuncture and homeopathy, targeting primarily, the definition of lot of study phase II. In group II patients will be admitted only that meet standards "clinical trial" - rules Schumacher (revised NMSS), in which patients are admitted with clinically defined forms are those with poor deleted minimum or maximum and those with problems medical or psychological nature that interfere assessment results. The preliminary study presented as a therapeutic test page, more ample than a pilot study, aimed at a single purpose: selecting patients Lot II, that respond to the treatment of acupuncture and homeopathy, as NMSS allow greater flexibility bearing in mind the 2 key aspects: lack of adverse effects, as well with the positive effect of therapy.

In phase II will be added to this treatment and other therapies without adverse effects It was followed in the study monitoring how a longer period observed in the treatment of patients, selection of homogeneous groups according to duration of disease. Multiple sclerosis group for studyI took on observation and treatment in the period 1994 – 2000, a total of 96 patients (86 women and 10 men), multiple sclerosis, diagnosed by neurologists from different hospitals in Romania. :
In phase II will be added to this treatment and other therapies without adverse effects It was followed in the study monitoring how a longer period observed in the treatment of patients, selection of homogeneous groups according to duration of disease. Multiple sclerosis group for studyI took on observation and treatment in the period 1994 – 2000, a total of 96 patients (86 women and 10 men), multiple sclerosis, diagnosed by neurologists from different hospitals in Romania.

Lot I divided into 2 groups: control and treated . I use medication homeopathic repertorisation chosen according to the glossary "Syntesis", as well as placebo medication (homeopatin) for control group .Electro-acupuncture was used according TCM syndromes. In most of them I have sought medical specialist neurologist and control of the National Center for Acupuncture and Homeopathy Bucharest, Dr. Anca Andreescu and Dr. Spec.neurolog Chioreanu Cornelia, as the professional dedication and generous desire to help patients with this terrible disease and them contributed decisively to correct analysis of cases. Investigations was poor, because of limited financial possibilities of the patients . :
Lot I divided into 2 groups: control and treated . I use medication homeopathic repertorisation chosen according to the glossary "Syntesis", as well as placebo medication (homeopatin) for control group .Electro-acupuncture was used according TCM syndromes. In most of them I have sought medical specialist neurologist and control of the National Center for Acupuncture and Homeopathy Bucharest, Dr. Anca Andreescu and Dr. Spec.neurolog Chioreanu Cornelia, as the professional dedication and generous desire to help patients with this terrible disease and them contributed decisively to correct analysis of cases. Investigations was poor, because of limited financial possibilities of the patients .

MATERIAL AND METHOD I used the 2 methods: acupuncture and homeopathy, for diagnose and treatment . Without going into details that would be subject to subsequent presentations, I mention only a few points and homeopathic medicines, used in electro-acupuncture treatment: PC 6, PC 8, BL 57, CV 17, 4 VG, VG 15, VG 16, VG 17, VG 20, etc., used for stagnant Qi, pathological glere, etc. and Zincum Metallicum, Gelsemium, etc. as homeopathic remedies - drawing the hexagram TA Chuang. :
MATERIAL AND METHOD I used the 2 methods: acupuncture and homeopathy, for diagnose and treatment . Without going into details that would be subject to subsequent presentations, I mention only a few points and homeopathic medicines, used in electro-acupuncture treatment: PC 6, PC 8, BL 57, CV 17, 4 VG, VG 15, VG 16, VG 17, VG 20, etc., used for stagnant Qi, pathological glere, etc. and Zincum Metallicum, Gelsemium, etc. as homeopathic remedies - drawing the hexagram TA Chuang.

Patients were divided into 2 groups 1. control group : 10 patients 2. treatment group : 43 patients I used homeopathic medication and electro-acupuncture treatment by the "Cross Over", method, monitoring the clinical effects of treatment on different functional parameters such as spasticity, slowness of movement, numbness, coordination difficult, writing and speech disorders, vertigo, tremor, mental lability, headache, anorexia, etc. :
Patients were divided into 2 groups 1. control group : 10 patients 2. treatment group : 43 patients I used homeopathic medication and electro-acupuncture treatment by the "Cross Over", method, monitoring the clinical effects of treatment on different functional parameters such as spasticity, slowness of movement, numbness, coordination difficult, writing and speech disorders, vertigo, tremor, mental lability, headache, anorexia, etc.

I changed group treated with the control control and vice versa (which I received only glucose-Homeopatin not impregnated granules for the placebo effect). Monitoring system operation and monitoring of "Cross Over" was quite difficult because many patients was from anothers city (Cluj, Brasov, Giurgiu, Rimnicu Sarat, Ploiesti, etc.), and in 2000 winter, was flu epidemic, who had a disastrous impact on MS patients, especially in the control group. :
I changed group treated with the control control and vice versa (which I received only glucose-Homeopatin not impregnated granules for the placebo effect). Monitoring system operation and monitoring of "Cross Over" was quite difficult because many patients was from anothers city (Cluj, Brasov, Giurgiu, Rimnicu Sarat, Ploiesti, etc.), and in 2000 winter, was flu epidemic, who had a disastrous impact on MS patients, especially in the control group.

If at first I took in all cases of multiple sclerosis treatment, regardless of age, then the lack of results in those older than 5 years, I was determined to restrict the group of 53 patients. Still mentioned the presence of obvious improvements in some cases escluded group, as well as very good evolution of a case with an age of 18 years (patient Bogdan Cluj), I continued to treat, without taking into calculation of statistical Lot II. :
If at first I took in all cases of multiple sclerosis treatment, regardless of age, then the lack of results in those older than 5 years, I was determined to restrict the group of 53 patients. Still mentioned the presence of obvious improvements in some cases escluded group, as well as very good evolution of a case with an age of 18 years (patient Bogdan Cluj), I continued to treat, without taking into calculation of statistical Lot II.

I used a series of treatment modules for specific syndromes patients, using electro-acupuncture stimulation method - 5 - 10 series, with the constitution remedy, that gave me satisfaction by maintaining good results during the sessions of electro-acupuncture. Syndromes - monitored and treated in patients with multiple sclerosis. Pathology of multiple sclerosis is polymorphic .Thus case analysis is very difficult . :
I used a series of treatment modules for specific syndromes patients, using electro-acupuncture stimulation method - 5 - 10 series, with the constitution remedy, that gave me satisfaction by maintaining good results during the sessions of electro-acupuncture. Syndromes - monitored and treated in patients with multiple sclerosis. Pathology of multiple sclerosis is polymorphic .Thus case analysis is very difficult .

The syndromes most commonly encountered was : 1.Qi generally low: extremity weakness, coordination difficult (walking diagonally), lack of balance, urinary incontinence, difficult speech, constipation, slow motion, etc.. 2. Spleen Qi down:generic symptoms of anorexia as well as moisture to produce glere and patholgy types characteristic of multiple sclerosis: :
The syndromes most commonly encountered was : 1.Qi generally low: extremity weakness, coordination difficult (walking diagonally), lack of balance, urinary incontinence, difficult speech, constipation, slow motion, etc.. 2. Spleen Qi down:generic symptoms of anorexia as well as moisture to produce glere and patholgy types characteristic of multiple sclerosis:

Pathological GLERE 1.a-Glere-Humidity: anorexia 1.b-Glere-Cold: cold States, agitation (dry lips and tongue with white deposit). 1.c.-Glere-heat: red face, exaggerated laugh, headache, vertigo. View worsening of MS cases in February-March 2000. 1.d-Glere-Qi: sensation of fullness in the chest, the swelling in the neck with difficult deglutition .Liver Qi Stagnation and emotional lability giving the feeling of lump in throat. :
Pathological GLERE 1.a-Glere-Humidity: anorexia 1.b-Glere-Cold: cold States, agitation (dry lips and tongue with white deposit). 1.c.-Glere-heat: red face, exaggerated laugh, headache, vertigo. View worsening of MS cases in February-March 2000. 1.d-Glere-Qi: sensation of fullness in the chest, the swelling in the neck with difficult deglutition .Liver Qi Stagnation and emotional lability giving the feeling of lump in throat.

1.e - Glere-fluid: fluid in the stomach and intestines, abdominal fullness, vomiting watery, lack of thirst, loose stools. Deep pulse and slide. 1.f - Glere-fluid in the States: sensation in body weight, muscle pain, absence of sweating, no thirst, cough with expectoration white (with white deposit language, pulse compressed and strained). 1.g - Glere-fluid in the diaphragm: cough, dizziness, abundant expectoration, warehouse lingual white, tense pulse - symptoms worsened by exposure to cold. Qi stagnation giving the mobile nature of pain, mental agitation and insomnia Also patients with MS have heart weakness, because the Qi can not descend. :
1.e - Glere-fluid: fluid in the stomach and intestines, abdominal fullness, vomiting watery, lack of thirst, loose stools. Deep pulse and slide. 1.f - Glere-fluid in the States: sensation in body weight, muscle pain, absence of sweating, no thirst, cough with expectoration white (with white deposit language, pulse compressed and strained). 1.g - Glere-fluid in the diaphragm: cough, dizziness, abundant expectoration, warehouse lingual white, tense pulse - symptoms worsened by exposure to cold. Qi stagnation giving the mobile nature of pain, mental agitation and insomnia Also patients with MS have heart weakness, because the Qi can not descend.

Liver Qi Stagnation with giving the appearance of fire: headache, irritability and temper patient with multiple sclerosis. Language often presents with red edges (zones corresponding liver and gallbladder, and when the fire covered heart box has red dots on the tip of his tongue)-branch met in flu epidemic in early 2000 in Romania. The patient sighs release the liver Qi in the chest locked. :
Liver Qi Stagnation with giving the appearance of fire: headache, irritability and temper patient with multiple sclerosis. Language often presents with red edges (zones corresponding liver and gallbladder, and when the fire covered heart box has red dots on the tip of his tongue)-branch met in flu epidemic in early 2000 in Romania. The patient sighs release the liver Qi in the chest locked.

Wind excess : spastic paralysis, tremor, muscle spasticity, double vision, rapid eyes movements, positive Babinski, headache, exaggerated laugh, etc. that are caused by excess wind that turns to fire .Is dangerous because decrease the Inn's liver and kidneys and can lead to seizures complicated by the formation of glere wet or dry. There a also the stress risk fosr this disease . :
Wind excess : spastic paralysis, tremor, muscle spasticity, double vision, rapid eyes movements, positive Babinski, headache, exaggerated laugh, etc. that are caused by excess wind that turns to fire .Is dangerous because decrease the Inn's liver and kidneys and can lead to seizures complicated by the formation of glere wet or dry. There a also the stress risk fosr this disease .

Results, analysis and discussions I use a series of electro-acupuncture and homeopathic treatments to all MS patients .In a considerable number of 72 patients, test results tomography, MRI, CSF puncture, etc was maded.In analysis of the results, I use the extended scale of disability - Kurtz changed .I found the group 10 categories of patients studied, since different scores from 3 to 9 - The first 4 groups (53 patients) scores between 3 and 4.5, were preserved because the good results they have achieved or significant improvements for periods of months (except the flu epidemic of the beginning of year 2000. :
Results, analysis and discussions I use a series of electro-acupuncture and homeopathic treatments to all MS patients .In a considerable number of 72 patients, test results tomography, MRI, CSF puncture, etc was maded.In analysis of the results, I use the extended scale of disability - Kurtz changed .I found the group 10 categories of patients studied, since different scores from 3 to 9 - The first 4 groups (53 patients) scores between 3 and 4.5, were preserved because the good results they have achieved or significant improvements for periods of months (except the flu epidemic of the beginning of year 2000.

Compared with the corticosteroid therapy effects - drawing III - electro-acupuncture and homeopathic treatment gave the following results - drawing IV. Lot under 5 years old - good results by increasing the Qi and glere elimination to 48.96% (47 cases), the return of appetite, normalization of pulse appearance according to season, the language (by the disappearance of white deposit lingual, etc.), normalization the emotional state, sleep (facilitating movement of descent of Qi heart), progressive improvement of walking.Score increased progressively from 4.5 to 4 in 3-6 months contiuniind to grow on these 12 to 18 months at 3.5. :
Compared with the corticosteroid therapy effects - drawing III - electro-acupuncture and homeopathic treatment gave the following results - drawing IV. Lot under 5 years old - good results by increasing the Qi and glere elimination to 48.96% (47 cases), the return of appetite, normalization of pulse appearance according to season, the language (by the disappearance of white deposit lingual, etc.), normalization the emotional state, sleep (facilitating movement of descent of Qi heart), progressive improvement of walking.Score increased progressively from 4.5 to 4 in 3-6 months contiuniind to grow on these 12 to 18 months at 3.5.

Lot of 6 cases in 1 year (6.25%) Growth and clinical outcomes were faster for 3 -6 months, with an increase in score from 3.5 to 3. I obtained normalizing Qi General: eliminating the sensation of weight, improving cognitive functions - liver yang decreased Inn's liver and kidney was good: writing improvement, vertigo, headaches amelioration. By decreasing wind - fast eyeballa contractions disappeared, muscle spasms, patients recovered their previous good mental and physical illness. :
Lot of 6 cases in 1 year (6.25%) Growth and clinical outcomes were faster for 3 -6 months, with an increase in score from 3.5 to 3. I obtained normalizing Qi General: eliminating the sensation of weight, improving cognitive functions - liver yang decreased Inn's liver and kidney was good: writing improvement, vertigo, headaches amelioration. By decreasing wind - fast eyeballa contractions disappeared, muscle spasms, patients recovered their previous good mental and physical illness.

CONCLUSIONS Unfortunately, this naturist treatments must be continued for a period long, enough that the body can eliminate the main cause, that was a trigger in the initial process of the energy-somatic phenomenon translated into demyelination. Homeopathic medicine is useful for constitutional predispositionFor patients who is threated with corticosteroides the results not is very good .This methods increase rehabilitation’s chance for MS patients . :
CONCLUSIONS Unfortunately, this naturist treatments must be continued for a period long, enough that the body can eliminate the main cause, that was a trigger in the initial process of the energy-somatic phenomenon translated into demyelination. Homeopathic medicine is useful for constitutional predispositionFor patients who is threated with corticosteroides the results not is very good .This methods increase rehabilitation’s chance for MS patients .

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Lauer, K., 1994, The risk of multiple sclerosis in the USA in relation to sociogeographic features~ a factor analytic study. J. Clin. Epidemiology. v. 47, p. 43-48. Lichtenstein, L.M., 1993, Allergy and the immune system. Scientific American, v. 269, p. 117-124. MacDougall, R., 1980, My fight against multiple sclerosis. Regenics Inc., Mansfield, Ohio. Macknin, M.L. et al., 1996, Zinc lozenges shorten duration of common cold. Ann. Intern. Med., v. 125, p. 81-88. Malosse, D., Perron, H. and Seigneurin, J.M., 1992, Correlation between milk and dairy productconsumption and multiple sclerosis prevalence, a worldwide study. Neuroepidemiology, v. 11, p. 304-312. Thompson,RHS,1975, Unsaturated fatty acids in multiple sclerosis.In Multiple Sclerosis,Research. New York,Elsevier,p 184-197. CopyrightCopyright NoticeAny and all the content of our websites .Please do not use without our prior written consent. LawUnder international (Bern convention), UK (including the "Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1998"), US, and other national laws, it is not permitted to copy any original work of art including photographs which are subject to copyright, and textual content, without the copyright holders consent. Photographic & Other ImagesPlease note that prohibition from copying images includes using derived and modified versions of images, inter alia because the modification itself entails copying. Any comments about images includes modified images. LicensingAs copyright owners we do on occasion license other parties to use our images for specified purposes subject to receipt of suitable fees, and the use of copyright notices.Prospective licensees should contact us with details of intended use, and their standard terms if any. Our terms will apply in the event of any other written agreement.It is not our habit to license our images for use in competition with our own business. :
Lauer, K., 1994, The risk of multiple sclerosis in the USA in relation to sociogeographic features~ a factor analytic study. J. Clin. Epidemiology. v. 47, p. 43-48. Lichtenstein, L.M., 1993, Allergy and the immune system. Scientific American, v. 269, p. 117-124. MacDougall, R., 1980, My fight against multiple sclerosis. Regenics Inc., Mansfield, Ohio. Macknin, M.L. et al., 1996, Zinc lozenges shorten duration of common cold. Ann. Intern. Med., v. 125, p. 81-88. Malosse, D., Perron, H. and Seigneurin, J.M., 1992, Correlation between milk and dairy productconsumption and multiple sclerosis prevalence, a worldwide study. Neuroepidemiology, v. 11, p. 304-312. Thompson,RHS,1975, Unsaturated fatty acids in multiple sclerosis.In Multiple Sclerosis,Research. New York,Elsevier,p 184-197. CopyrightCopyright NoticeAny and all the content of our websites .Please do not use without our prior written consent. LawUnder international (Bern convention), UK (including the "Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1998"), US, and other national laws, it is not permitted to copy any original work of art including photographs which are subject to copyright, and textual content, without the copyright holders consent. Photographic & Other ImagesPlease note that prohibition from copying images includes using derived and modified versions of images, inter alia because the modification itself entails copying. Any comments about images includes modified images. LicensingAs copyright owners we do on occasion license other parties to use our images for specified purposes subject to receipt of suitable fees, and the use of copyright notices.Prospective licensees should contact us with details of intended use, and their standard terms if any. Our terms will apply in the event of any other written agreement.It is not our habit to license our images for use in competition with our own business.

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